ERIC R. FOSSUM

  PUBLICATIONS  LIST

(Approx 267 papers as of 8/5/2014 not including patents)

 

 

Archival Journal Publications

 

E.R. Fossum and R.C. Barker, Charge Packet Initiated Switching of Metal/Tunnel Oxide/Semiconductor Junctions, IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol.  EDL-5, pp. 112-114 (1984).

 

E.R. Fossum and R.C. Barker, Measurement of Hole Leakage and Impact Ionization Currents in Metal/Tunnel Oxide/Semiconductor Junctions, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-3l, no. 9, pp. 1168-1174 (1984).

 

E.R. Fossum and R.C. Barker, A Linear and Compact Charge Packet Differencer/ Replicator, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-31, no. 12, pp. 1784-1789 (1984).

 

P.R. Prucnal, E.R. Fossum, and R.M. Osgood, Integrated Fiber Optic Coupler for Very Large Scale Integration Interconnects,  Optics Lett., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 109-111 (1986).

 

S.S. Todorov, S.L. Shillinger, and E.R. Fossum, Low Energy Ion Beam Oxidation of Silicon, IEEE Electron Dev. Lett., vol. EDL-7, pp. 468-470 (1986).

 

S.S. Todorov, C.F. Yu, and E.R. Fossum, Direct Formation of Dielectric Thin Films on Silicon by Low Energy Ion Beam Bombardment,  Vacuum, 36 (11/12), pp.  929-932 (1986). 

 

R.W. Ade, E.E. Harstead, A.H. Amirfazli, T. Cacouris, E.R. Fossum, P.R. Prucnal, and R.M. Osgood, Silicon Photodetector Structure for Direct Coupling of Optical Fibers to Integrated Circuits,  IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol.  ED-34, pp. 1283-1289 (1987).

 

C.F. Yu, S.S. Todorov, and E.R. Fossum, Characterization of Ultra-Thin SiO2 Films Formed by Direct Low Energy Ion Beam Oxidation, J. Vac.  Sci.  and Technol. A5(4), pp. 1569-1571 (1987).

 

E.R. Fossum, Charge-Coupled Computing for Focal Plane Image Preprocessing, Opt. Eng., 26 (9), pp. 916-922 (1987).

 

R.W. Ade and E.R. Fossum, Limitations of Orientation Dependent Microstructure Etching in Silicon,  J.  Electrochem.  Soc., vol. 134 (12),  pp. 3192-3194 (1987).

 

D.V. Rossi, E.R. Fossum, G.D. Pettit, P.D. Kirchner, and J.M. Woodall, Reduced Reverse Bias Current in Al-GaAs and In0.75 Ga0.25 As-GaAs Junctions Containing an Interfacial Arsenic Layer,  J. Vac. Sci. and Technol. vol.  B5 (4), pp. 982-984 (1987).

 

J.I. Song and E.R. Fossum, Inhibition of Charge Packet Broadening in GaAs Charge-Coupled Devices, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 51 (19), pp. 1539-154l1(1987).

 

A.Warren, J.M. Woodall, E.R. Fossum, G.D. Pettit, P.D. Kirchner and D.T. McInturff, Masked, Anisotropic Masked, anisotropic thermal etching and regrowth for in situ patterning of compound semiconductors, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 51 (22), pp. 1818-1820 (1987).

 

S.S. Todorov and E.R. Fossum, Oxidation of Silicon by a Low Energy Ion Beam: Model and Experiment, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 52 (1), pp. 48-50 (1988). 

 

S.S. Todorov and E.R. Fossum, Growth Mechanism of Thin Oxide Films Under Low Energy Oxygen Ion Bombardment, J. Vac. Sci.  and Technol.  B. B, vol. 6 (1), pp. 466-469 (1988).

 

S.S. Todorov and E.R. Fossum, Sputtering of Silicon Dioxide Near Threshold, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 52 (5), pp. 365-367 (1988).

 

R.W. Ade, E.R. Fossum, M.A. Tischler, Fabrication of Thin Epitaxial GaAs/AlGaAs Diaphragms by Selective Dry Etching, J. Vac.  Sci. and Technol., vol. B6 (5), pp. 1592-1594 (1988).

 

E.R. Fossum, Charge-Domain Analog Signal Processing for Detector Arrays, Nuclear Instr. and Methods, vol. A275, pp. 530-535 (1989).

 

E.R. Fossum, Novel Trench-Defined MISIM CCD Structure for X-Ray Imaging and Other Applications, IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 10 (5), pp. 177-179 (1989).

 

E.R. Fossum, Architectures for Focal-Plane Image Processing, Opt. Eng., vol. 28 (8),  865-871 (1989).

 

J.I. Song and E.R. Fossum, Characterization of Evaporated Cr-SiO Cermet Films for Resistive-Gate CCD Applications,  IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 36 (9), 1575-1579 (1989).

 

R.E. Colbeth, J.-I. Song, D.V. Rossi and E.R. Fossum, A Recessed Gap, Capacitive Gate GaAs CCD,  IEEE Electron Device Letters, vol. 10 (12), 525-527 (1989).

 

R.W. Ade, E.R. Fossum and M.A. Tischler, Performance of Vertically Coupled Backside Fiber-Optic Interconnects to GaAs, (abstract)  IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 36 (11), 2629 (1989).

 

R.E. Colbeth and E.R. Fossum, A 1 GHz Charge Packet Replicator/Subtractor Circuit for GaAs CCD Signal Processing, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 25(4), pp. 1016-1019 (1990).

 

D.V. Rossi, E.R. Fossum, P.D. Kirchner and J.M. Woodall, Transport Properties and Applications of Unstrained InGaAs/AlGaAs Heterojunctions,  J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, vol. 8(4), pp. 779-782 (1990).

 

B. Pain and E.R. Fossum, Analog Dynamic Random Access Memory (ADRAM) Unit Cell Implemented in Charge Domain,  IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 38(1) pp. 178-179 (1991).

 

E.R. Fossum, Wire Transfer of Charge Packets Using a CCD-BBD Structure for Charge-Domain Signal Processing, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-38(2) pp.291-298 (1991).

 

E.R. Fossum, S.E. Kemeny, R.A. Bredthauer and M.A. LaShell, Digitally Programmable gain control circuit for charge-domain signal processing, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 26(4) pp. 683-686 (1991).

 

J.-I. Song, D.V. Rossi, S-H Xin, W.I. Wang and E.R. Fossum, A Resistive-Gate  AlGaAs/GaAs 2DEG CCD with High Transfer Efficiency at 1 GHz, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-38, pp. 930-932 (1991).

 

E.R. Fossum, J.-I. Song, and D.V. Rossi, Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Charge-Coupled Devices (2DEG-CCDs), IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-38(5), pp. 1182-1192 (1991).

 

D.V. Rossi, J.-I. Song, E.R. Fossum, P.D. Kirchner, G.D. Pettit, and J.M. Woodall, A Resistive-Gate In0.53 Ga0.47As/InP Heterostructure CCD,  IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. EDL-12(12)  pp. 688-690 (1991).

 

S.E. Kemeny, H. Torbey, H. Meadows, R. Bredthauer, M. LaShell, and E.R. Fossum, CCD Focal-Plane Image Reorganization Processors for Lossless Image Compression, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 27(3), pp. 398-405 (1992).

 

T.J. Cunningham, E.R. Fossum, and S.M. Baier, An analysis of the temperature dependence of the gate current in complementary heterojunction field-effect transistors, IEEE Electron Device Lett., vol. 13(12) pp. 645-647 (1992).

 

W.R. Cook, A.C. Cummings, R.A. Mewaldt, J.J. Rosenberg, T.J. Cunningham, M. Mazed, M.J. Holtzman, and E.R. Fossum, Development of an interdigitated pixel PIN detector for energetic particle spectroscopy in space, Remote Sensing Reviews, vol. 8, pp. 245-253 (1993).

 

S.Mendis, S.E. Kemeny and E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel image sensor, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 41(3), pp. 452-453 (1994).

 

T.J. Cunningham, R.C. Gee, E.R. Fossum and S.M. Baier, Deep cryogenic noise and electrical characterization of the complementary heterojunction field-effect transistor (CHFET), IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 41(6), pp. 888-894 (1994).

 

B. Pain and E.R. Fossum, A current memory cell with switch feedthrough reduction by error feedback, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 29(10), pp. 1288-1290 (1994).

 

A.R. Johnston, D. Liu, S. Forouhar, G. Lutes, J. Maserjian and E.R. Fossum, Optical links for cryogenic focal-plane array readout, Optical Engineering, vol. 33(6), pp. 2013-2019 (1994).

 

T.J. Cunningham and E.R. Fossum, GaAs JFETS intended for deep cryogenic VLWIR readout electronics, Journal de Physique IV, vol. 4(C6) pp. 147-152 (1994).

 

J. Nakamura, S.E. Kemeny and E.R. Fossum, A CMOS active pixel image sensor with simple floating gate pixels, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-42(9) pp. 1693-1694 (1995).

 

B.P. Beecken and E.R. Fossum, Determination of the conversion gain and the accuracy of its measurement for detector elements and arrays, Applied Optics, Vol. 35, No. 19, p. 3471- 3477 (1996)

 

R.H Nixon, S.E. Kemeny, B. Pain, C.O. Staller and E.R. Fossum, 256x256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera-on-a-chip, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31(12) pp. 2046-2050 (1996).

 

S.K. Mendis, S.E. Kemeny, R.C. Gee, B. Pain, Q. Kim, and E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel image sensors for highly integrated imaging systems, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 32(2) pp. 187-197 (1997).

 

O. Yadid-Pecht, B. Pain, C. Staller, C. Clark, and E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel sensor star tracker with regional electronic shutter, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 32(2) pp. 285-288 (1997).

 

G.A. Soli, H.B. Garrett, E.R. Fossum, CMOS charged particle spectrometers, IEEE Trans. Nuclear Science, vol. 43(3) pt 2. Page: 1516-1520 (1996).

 

O. Yadid-Pecht, C. Staller, and E.R. Fossum, Wide intrascene dynamic range CMOS APS using dual sampling, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 44(10) pp. 1721-1723 (1997).

 

J. Nakamura, B. Pain, T. Nomoto, T. Nakamura, and E.R. Fossum, On-focal plane signal processing for current-mode active pixel sensors, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 44(10) pp. 1747-1758 (1997).

 

Z. Zhou, B. Pain, and E.R. Fossum, Frame-transfer CMOS active pixel sensor with pixel binning for variable resolution readout, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 44(10) pp. 1764-1768 (1997).

 

Z. Zhou B. Pain and E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel sensor with on-chip successive approximation analog-to-digital converters, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 44(10) pp. 1759-1763 (1997).

 

E.R. Fossum, CMOS image sensors - electronic camera on a chip,  IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, Special Issue on Solid-State Image Sensors, October 1997 vol. 44(10) pp. 1689-1698 (1997).

 

E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel image sensors,  Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, vol. 395(3) pp. 291-297 (1997).

 

E.R.Fossum, Guest Editor-in-Chief, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices Special Issue on Solid-State Image Sensors, vol. 44 (10) October 1997 .    See also Tributes to the Late Dr. Walter Kosonocky

 

S.E. Kemeny, R. Panicacci, B.Pain, L. Matthies, and E.R. Fossum, Multiresolution image sensor,  IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, vol. 7(4), pp. 575-583 (1997).

 

J. Fattaruso, E.R. Fossum, and T.H. Lee, Guest Editors, IEEE J. Solid State Circuits Special Issue on the 1997 ISSCC: Analog, Sensor and Communication Circuits, vol. 32(12) December 1997.

 

E.R. Fossum, Digital Camera System-On-A-Chip, IEEE Micro, vol. 18(3), pp 8-15, May/June (1998).

 

S. Campbell and E.R. Fossum, Detector arrays for digital holographic storage,  Holographic Data Storage, pp.271-279, Hans Coufal, Demetri Psaltis, Glenn Sincerbox, editors, Springer-Verlag Optical Science Series (2000).

 

Eid, E.-S., Spagnuolo, R., Chan, T. Y., Fossum, E. R., Tsai, R. H., Deily, J., Byers Jr., W. B.; Peden, J. C., Design and characterization of ionizing radiation-tolerant CMOS APS image sensors up to 30 Mrd (Si) total dose, IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science (ISSN 0018-9499), vol. 48, no. 6, Dec. 191, p. 1796-1806. December 2001

 

K-B Cho, A. Krymski, E.R. Fossum, A 1.5V 550 uW 176x144 autonomous CMOS active pixel image sensor, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 50(1), pp. 96-105 (2003).

 

A. Krymski, N. Bock, N. Tu, D. Van Blerkom, and E. R. Fossum, A high-speed, 240 frame/second, 4.1 megapixel image sensor, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 50(1), pp. 130-135 (2003).

 

I. Takayanagi, J. Nakamura, Eric R. Fossum, K. Nagashima, T. Kunihiro and H. Yurimoto, Dark current reduction in stacked-type CMOS-APS for charged particle imaging, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 50(1), pp. 70-76 (2003).

 

E.R. Fossum, Guest Editor-in-Chief, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices Special Issue on Solid-State Image Sensors, vol. 50(1) January 2003.

 

I. Takayanagi, M. Shirakawa, K. Mitani, M. Sugawara, S. Iversen, J. Moholt, J. Nakamura, and E.R. Fossum, A 1.25-inch 60-frame/s 8.3M-pixel digital output CMOS image sensor, IEEE J. Solid State Circuits, vol. 40(11) pp. 2305-2314 November 2005.

 

E.R. Fossum, Guest Editor-in-Chief, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices Special Issue on Solid-State Image Sensors, vol. 56(11) November 2009.

 

E.R. Fossum, Guest Editorial, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices Special Issue on Solid-State Image Sensors,   vol. 56(11) pp. 2376-2379 November 2009.

 

E.R. Fossum, Modeling the performance of single-bit and multi-bit quanta image sensors, IEEE J. Electron Devices Society, vol.1(9) pp. 166-174 September 2013.

 

E.R. Fossum, Camera-on-a-Chip: Technology Transfer From Saturn to Your Cell Phone, Technology and Innovation, Vol. 15, pp. 197–209, December 2013.

 

T-Y. Lee, Y-Ji Lee, D-K. Min, S-H. Lee, W-H. Kim, J-K. Jung, I. Ovsiannikov, Y-G. Jin, YD. Park, and E.R. Fossum, A time-of-flight 3-D image sensor with concentric-photogates demodulation pixels, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 870-877 March 2014.

 

S. Masoodian, K. Odame, and E.R. Fossum, Low-power readout circuit for quanta image sensors, Electronics Letters, Vol. 50 No. 8 pp. 589–591 April 2014.

 

E.R. Fossum and D. Hondongwa, A review of the pinned photodiode for CCD and CMOS image sensors, IEEE J. Electron Devices Society, vol 2(3) pp. 33-43 May 2014.

 

 

Other Peer Reviewed Publications

 

D.V. Rossi, E.R. Fossum, G.D. Pettit, P.D. Kirchner, and J.M. Woodall, Reduced Leakage Current in Al-GaAs and In0.75 Ga0.25 As-GaAs Junctions Containing an Interfacial Arsenic Layer,  in Proceeding of the 1987 Conference on the Physics and Chemistry of Semiconductor Interfaces, Salt Lake City, Utah, January 1987.

 

R.E. Colbeth, J.I. Song, D.V. Rossi, and E.R. Fossum, A 1 GHz GaAs CCD with Capacitive Gates and High Transfer Efficiency, Proc. 1989 Int'l Symp. on VLSI Tech., Sys., and Applications, Taipei, pp. 45-49 (1989).

 

E.R. Fossum, New CCDs and Circuits for Analog VLSI Focal Plane Image Processing, Proc. 1989 Int'l.  Symp. on VLSI Tech., Sys., and Applications, pp. 178-182 Taipei, (1989).

 

J.-I. Song and E.R. Fossum, A Resistive-Gate Two-Phase 2DEG-CCD for III-V IR Detectors, in Proc. 1990 IEEE Intl. Electron Devices Mtg, pp. 267-270, San Francisco, CA, Dec. 1990.

 

S.E. Kemeny, H. Torbey, H. Meadows, E.R. Fossum, R. Bredthauer, and M. LaShell, CCD Image Sensor with Differential, Pyramidal Output for Lossless Image Compression, Proc. 1991 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf., San Diego, CA, May 1991.

 

S.E. Kemeny, T.J. Shaw, R.H. Nixon, and E.R. Fossum, Parallel processor array for high speed path planning, in Proc. 1992 IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf., pp. P.6.5/1-5, Boston, MA, May 1992.

 

D.V. Rossi, A. Cheng, H. Wieder, and E.R. Fossum, A Resistive-Gate InAlAs/InGaAs/InP 2DEG CCD,  Proc. 1992 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, pp. 117-120, San Francisco, CA  December 1992.

 

S. Mendis, S. Kemeny and E.R. Fossum, A 128x128 CMOS active pixel image sensor for highly integrated imaging systems, in International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) Technical Digest, pp. 583-586, Washington D.C. December 5-8 1993.

 

A. Dickinson, B. Ackland, E-S. Eid, D. Inglis and E.R. Fossum, A 256x256 CMOS active pixel image sensor with motion detection, 1995 IEEE International Solid State Circuits Conference, Digest of Technical Papers,  pp. 226-227, San Francisco CA, February 1995.

 

E.R. Fossum, Low power camera-on-a-chip using CMOS active pixel sensor technology, (invited) Proc. 1995 IEEE Symposium on Low Power Electronics, pp. 74-77, San Jose, CA, Oct. 9-10, 1995.

 

E.R. Fossum, CMOS Image Sensors: Electronic Camera on a Chip (Plenary paper), Tech. Dig. of IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, pp. 17-25, Dec. 1995.

 

R.H. Nixon, S.E. Kemeny, C.O. Staller, and E.R. Fossum, 256x256 CMOS active pixel sensor camera on a chip, pp 178-179,  Proc. IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, San Francisco, CA February 1996.

 

R. Panicacci, S. Kemeny, P.D. Jones, C. Staller, and E.R. Fossum, 128 Mbit/second multiport CMOS binary active pixel image sensor,  pp. 100-101, Proc. IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, San Francisco, CA February 1996.

 

E.R. Fossum, Image capture circuits in CMOS, (invited) in Proc. 1997 International Symposium on VLSI Technology, Systems and Applications, pp.52-57, Taipei, Taiwan,  June 3-5, 1997.

 

Z. Zhou, B. Pain, and E. Fossum, CMOS APS with on-chip buffer memory for variable resolution and light adaptive imaging, in Program of 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Bruges, Belgium, June 5-7 1997.

 

O. Yadid-Pecht and E.R. Fossum, CMOS APS image sensor with ultra-high linear dynamic range utilizing dual output,  in Program of 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, pp. R15.1-R15.3, Bruges, Belgium, June 5-7 1997.

 

J. Nakamura, T. Nomoto, T, Nakamura, B. Pain and E.R. Fossum, Design of a current mode image sensor with on-chip oversampling analog-to-digital conversion,  in Program of 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, pp. R23.1-R23.4, Bruges, Belgium, June 5-7 1997.

 

T. Shaw, B. Olson, B. Pain, R. Panicacci, B. Mansoorian, R. Nixon and E.R. Fossum, A single-chip CMOS APS digital camera,  in Program of 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Bruges, Belgium, pp. R24.1-R24.4, June 5-7 1997.

 

B.Mansoorian, G. Yang, R. Panicacci, C. Staller, B. Pain, and E.R. Fossum, Megapixel CMOS APS with analog and digital readout,  in Program of 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Bruges, Belgium, pp. R29.1-R29.4, June 5-7 1997.

 

E.R. Fossum, Non-linear output from image sensors: Applications, Techniques, and Limitations,  in Program of 1997 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Bruges, Belgium, p. D1,  June 5-7 1997.

 

R.Panicacci, J. Alphonso-Gibbs, A.Cho, A. Krymski, N. Doudoumopoulos, R. Nixon, S.E. Kemeny and E.R. Fossum, 1/4-Inch CMOS Active Pixel Sensor With Smart On-Chip Functions And Full Digital Interface, in Proc. 1997 (9th) Hot Chips Symposium, Stanford University, Stanford, CA August 25-26, 1997.

 

E.R. Fossum, R. Nixon and D. Schick, A  37 mm x 28 mm  600k-pixel CMOS APS Dental X-ray Camera-on-a-Chip with Self-Triggered Readout,  in Proc. IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 172-173,  San Francisco, CA February 1998.

 

Z. Zhou, B. Pain, and E.R. Fossum, A CMOS imager with on-chip variable resolution for light-adaptive imaging, in Proc. 1998 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 174-175, San Francisco, CA February 1998.

 

B. Mansoorian, H-Y. Yee, S. Huang, and E.R. Fossum, A 250 mW, 60 frames/s 1280x720 pixel 9b CMOS digital image sensor, in Proc. 1999 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 310-311, San Francisco CA February 1999.

 

S. Barna, L.P. Ang, B. Mansoorian, and E.R. Fossum, A low-light to sunlight, 60 frames/sec, 80kpixel CMOS APS camera-on-a-chip with 8b digital output, 1999 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors pp. 148-149, Nagano, Japan June 1999.

 

M.B. Kaplinsky, G. Waligorski, V. Berezin, and E.R. Fossum, Test methodologies for digital CMOS camera-on-a-chip image sensors, 1999 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors pp. 239-241, Nagano, Japan June 1999.

 

A. Krymski, D. Van Blerkom, A. Andersson, N. Bock, B. Mansoorian, and E.R. Fossum, A high speed, 500 frames/s, 1024x1024 CMOS active pixel sensor,  1999 Symposium on VLSI Circuits Digest of Technical Papers, pp. 137-138, Kyoto, Japan, June 1999.

 

K-B Cho, A. Krymski, and E.R. Fossum, A 1.2V micropower CMOS active pixel image sensor for portable applications,  in Proc. 2000 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 114-115, San Francisco CA February 2000.

 

Y. Wang, S. Barna, S. Campbell, E.R. Fossum, A high dynamic range CMOS APS image sensor, Proc. 2001 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Lake Tahoe, NV, June 2001.

 

S. Ay, S. Barna, and E.R. Fossum, Differential mode CMOS active pixel sensor (APS) for optically programmable gate array (OPGA), Proc. 2001 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Lake Tahoe, NV, June 2001.

 

A. Krymski, N. Tu, D. VanBlerkom, E.R. Fossum, A high-speed, 240 frames per second, 4 megapixel CMOS sensor, Proc. 2001 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Lake Tahoe, NV, June 2001.

 

K.B. Cho, A. Krymski, and E.R. Fossum, A micropower self-clocked camera-on-a-chip, in Pgm. 2001 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Lake Tahoe, NV, June 2001.

 

Cho, K.-B.; Krymski, A.; Fossum, E.R, A 3-pin 1.5 V 550 uw 176 x 144 Self-clocked CMOS active pixel image sensor, Proceedings of the International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, Digest of Technical Papers 2001. p 316-321 (IEEE cat n 01TH8581) , 2001

 

I.Takayanagi, J. Nakamura, E-S. Eid, E. Fossum, K. Nagashima, T. Kunihiro and H. Yurimoto, A low dark current stacked CMOS-APS for charged particle imaging,  2001 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, Washington, D.C., Dec 2001.

 

I.Takayanagi, M. Shirakawa, K. Mitani, M. Sugawara, S. Iversen, J. Moholt, J. Nakamura, and E. R. Fossum, A 1×1/4-inch 8.3Mpixel digital output CMOS APS for UDTV application, Proc. of 2003 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, San Francisco, CA, February 2003.

 

S. Iversen, J. Moholt, J. Solhusvik, I. Takayangi, J. Nakamura, E. R. Fossum, M. Shirakawa, K. Mitani, and M. Sugawara, An 8.3Mpixel, 10-bit, 60 fps CMOS APS, Proc. of 2003 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany May 2003.

 

M. Shirikawa, T. Yamashita, K. Mitni, M. sugawara, I. Takayanagi, J. Nakamura, S. Iversen, J. Moholt, and E.R. Fossum, Design consideration of FPN suppression circuit for a 1.25” 8.3Mpixel digital output CMOS APS,  Proc. of 2003 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany May 2003.

 

E. R. Fossum, Charge transfer noise and lag in CMOS active pixel sensors, Proc. of 2003 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany May 2003.  Longer unpublished version

 

E.R. Fossum, Some Thoughts on Future Digital Still Cameras,  pp. 305-314 in Digital Still Cameras, J. Nakamura editor, CRC Titles Press,  2005.  ISBN: 0849335450

 

E.R. Fossum, What to do with Sub-Diffraction-Limit (SDL) Pixels? – A Proposal for a Gigapixel Digital Film Sensor (DFS), Proc. Of the 2005 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Karuizawa, Japan, June 2005.

 

S. Ay and E.R. Fossum, A 76 x 77 mm2 16.85 million pixel CMOS APS image sensor, in 2006 IEEE Symposium on VLSI Circuits Digest of Technical Papers, June 2006.

 

R. Gutierrez, E.R. Fossum, T.Tang, Auto-Focus Technology, in Proceedings of the 2007 International Image Sensor Workshop, Ogunquit, Maine June 7-10, 2007.

 

E.R. Fossum, The 25th Anniversary of IISW: Reflections on Directions, in Proceedings of the 2011 International Image Sensor Workshop, Onuma, Hokkaido, Japan June 8-11, 2011.

 

T.Y. Lee, Y.J. Lee, D.K. Min, J. Lee, Y.G. Jin, Y.D. Park, and C. Chung, I. Ovsiannikov and E.R. Fossum, Dark Current Suppression during High Speed Photogate Modulation for 3D ToF Imaging Pixel, in Proceedings of the 2011 International Image Sensor Workshop, Onuma, Hokkaido, Japan June 8-11, 2011.

 

E.R. Fossum, Investigation of Two-Layer Photodetectors for YSNR10 Improvement in Submicron Pixels, in Proceedings of the 2011 International Image Sensor Workshop, Onuma, Hokkaido, Japan June 8-11, 2011.

 

T-Y. Lee, Y-J. Lee, D-K. Min, S-H. Lee, W.H. Kim, S.H. Kim, J.K. Jung, I. Ovsiannikov, Y-G. Jin, Y.D. Park, E.R. Fossum and C-H. Chung, A 192x108 ToF-3D Image Sensor with Single-Tap Concentric-Gate Demodulation Pixels in 0.13 um Technology, in Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, Wash. D.C. USA December 5-8, 2011.

 

W-J. Kim, Y. Wang, I. Ovsiannikov, S-H. Lee, Y.D. Park, C-H. Chung, and E.R. Fossum, A 1.5Mpixel RBGZ Image Sensor for Simultaneous Color and Range Image Capture, in Proceedings of the 2012 Int. Solid-State Circuits Conference pp. 391-392, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 22, 2012.

 

J.J. Helble, C.E. Fraser, and E.R. Fossum, Dartmouth’s Ph.D. Innovation Program, in 2012 American Soc. for Engineering Education (ASEE) Northeast Section Conference, Lowell, MA USA, April 27, 2012.

 

E.R. Fossum, Interview, pp. 17-30 (Chap. 2) in Inventors at Work: The Minds and Motivation Behind Modern Inventions, B. Stern, Apress, Oct. 17, 2012, ISBN: 1430245069

 

E.R. Fossum, Application of Photon Statistics to the Quanta Image Sensor, in Proceedings of the 2013 International Image Sensor Workshop, Snowbird, Utah USA June 12-16, 2013.

 

S. Chen, A. Ceballos, and E.R. Fossum, Digital Integration Sensor, in Proceedings of the 2013 International Image Sensor Workshop, Snowbird, Utah USA June 12-16, 2013.

 

S. Masoodian, Y. Song, D. Hondongwa, JJ Ma, K. Odame and E.R. Fossum, Early Research Progress on Quanta Image Sensors, in Proceedings of the 2013 International Image Sensor Workshop, Snowbird, Utah USA June 12-16, 2013.

 

Y. M. Wang, I. Ovsiannikov, S-J Byun, T-Y Lee, Y. Lee, G. Waligorski, H. Wang, S. Lee, D-K Min, Y.D. Park, T-C Kim, C-Y Choi, G.S. Han, and E.R. Fossum, Compact Ambient Light Cancellation Design and Optimization for 3D Time-of-Flight Image Sensors, in Proceedings of the 2013 International Image Sensor Workshop, Snowbird, Utah USA June 12-16, 2013.

 

Other Publications :

 

E.R. Fossum, Charge-Coupled Analog Computing Elements and Their Application to Smart Image Sensors, Ph.D. Thesis, Yale University, Department of Electrical Engineering  (1984).

 

E.R. Fossum and R.C. Barker, Simplified Analysis of Non-Equilibrium Semiconductor Space Charge Regions Using a Zero-Current Approximation, Unpublished, 1984.

 

P.R. Prucnal, E.R. Fossum, and R.M. Osgood, Fiber Optic Coupler for VHSIC/VLSI Interconnects, Proc. SPIE, vol. 625, pp. 154-158 (1984).

 

R.W. Ade, E.E. Harstead, T. Cacouris, E.R. Fossum, P.R.  Prucnal, and R.M. Osgood, Direct Connection of Optical Fibers to Integrated Circuits, Proc. 6th Int'l. Electronics Packaging Society Conference, pp. 351-359, (1986).

 

S.S. Todorov and E.R. Fossum, Room Temperature Growth of Silicon Dioxide Using a Low Energy Ion Beam, Mat. Res.  Soc. Symp. Proc. vol. 75, pp. 349-354, (1986).

 

R.W. Ade, A.E. Willner, E.R. Fossum and R.M. Osgood, GaAs Detector Structure for Vertically Coupled Fiber-Optic Interconnects, Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics, p. 104 (1987).

 

E.R. Fossum, Photonic Interconnections: More Bandwidth, Less Power, Photonics Spectra, pp. 151-157, May 1987.

 

D.J. Dumin, S.S. Todorov, and E.R. Fossum, Comparison of the Properties of Thermal and Ion Beam Oxides, Proc. Mat. Res. Soc. Meeting, Anaheim, CA, (1987).

 

S.E. Kemeny and E. R. Fossum, A CCD based waveform generator for driving CCD circuits, UNPUBLISHED November 1987.

 

S.S. Todorov and E.R. Fossum, Thin Oxide Growth Using Low Energy Ion Beam Bombardment, Proc. European Mat.  Res. Soc.  Meeting, pp.  521-527, (1987).

 

R.W. Ade,  E.R. Fossum, and M.A. Tischler, Direct Backside Coupling of Optical Fibers to GaAs Detectors, Proc. SPIE, vol. 881, pp.  199-203, (1988).

 

E-S. Eid and E.R. Fossum, CCD Focal Plane Array Analog Image Processor, Proc. SPIE, vol. 977, pp. 298-306, (1988).

 

R.W. Ade and E.R. Fossum, Vertical Fiber Coupling for High-Density Optical Interconnection, Proc. SPIE, vol. 994, pp. 33-39 (1988).

 

R.E. Colbeth, N.A. Doudoumopoulos, E-S. Eid, S.E. Kemeny, A. Montalvo, and E.R. Fossum, High Performance Charge Packet Comparison for Analog CCD Applications, Center for Telecommunications Research (CTR) Tech. Rep 95, Columbia University (1988).

 

E.R. Fossum, CCD Focal Plane Image Processing, Proc. 1988 Conference on Pattern Recognition for Advanced Missile Systems, Huntsville, GA, GACIAC SR-88-14 (1988).

 

E.R. Fossum, CCD Architectures for Focal-Plane Image Processing, Proc. SPIE,  vol.  1071, pp. 76-79, (1989) and Proc.  SPIE, vol. 1107, pp. 85-88, (1989).

 

R.E. Colbeth, D.V. Rossi, J.I. Song, and E.R. Fossum, GHz GaAs CCDS: Promises, Problems, and Progress, Proc.  SPIE, vol. 1071, pp. 108-114,  (1989).

 

E-S. Eid and E.R. Fossum, IRET- A CCD Focal Plane Image Processor Chip, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1107, pp. 196-200, (1989).

 

S.E. Kemeny, E-S. Eid, and E.R. Fossum, Novel CCD Image Processor for Z-plane Architecture, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1097, pp. 66-72, (1989).

 

E.R. Fossum, Photonic Interconnects, Photonics Design and Application Handbook, Laurin Publishing Company, Pittsfield, MA, pp. 368-370 (1989,1990,1991).

 

S.E. Kemeny, H. Meadows and E.R. Fossum, CCD-Based-Scheme for On-chip Reorganization of Image Data for Lossless Image Compression, CTR Tech. Report No.160, Columbia University (1989).

 

E-S. Eid and E.R. Fossum, Real-Time Focal-Plane Array Image Processor, Proc. SPIE vol. 1197, pp. 2-12 (1989).

 

E.R. Fossum, Wire Transfer of Charge Packets for On-Chip Signal Processing, Proc. SPIE vol. 1242 pp. 179-186 (1990).

 

E-S. Eid and E.R. Fossum, Design of a CCD Focal-Plane Image Half-Toner, Proc. SPIE vol. 1242 pp. 126-132 (1990).

 

S.E. Kemeny, H. Meadows and E.R. Fossum, Design of a CCD Focal-Plane Codec Preprocessor for Lossless Image Compression, Proc. SPIE vol. 1242 pp. 118-125 (1990).

 

E-S. Eid and E.R. Fossum, CCD focal-plane real-time image processor, in Visual Communications and Image Processing '90, Proc. SPIE vol. 1360, pp. 327-331 (1990).

 

J.-I. Song, D.V. Rossi and E.R. Fossum, GaAs CCD Readout for Engineering Bandgap Detectors, Proc. SPIE vol. 1308 pp. 254-260 (1990).

 

J.-I. Song, D.V. Rossi, S. Xin, W.I. Wang and E.R. Fossum, Thermionic-Field Emission in AlGaAs/GaAs Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Charge-Coupled Devices, Unpublished 1990.

 

E.R. Fossum, Issues and Directions in IR Readout Electronics, Proc. Workshop on Innovative LWIR Detectors, NASA/JPL  Publication 90-22 , pp. 117-148 (1990).

 

J. Janesick, A. Collins, and E.R. Fossum, Scientific CCD Technology at JPL, Proc. NASA Technology 2000 Conference, Washington D.C., Nov. 1990.

 

E.R. Fossum, Report of the Sensor Readout Electronics Panel, pp. 58-67, in Workshop Proceedings: Sensor Systems for Space Astrophysics in the 21st Century, Pasadena, CA January 23-25, 1991,  JPL Pub. 91-24, vol. 2, Aug. 1991.

 

E.R. Fossum, J-I. Song, and D.V. Rossi, Two dimensional electron gas charge-coupled devices, in CCDs and Optical Sensors II, Proc. SPIE vol. 1447, pp. 202-203 (1991).

 

S.E. Kemeny, E-S. Eid, S. Mendis, and E.R. Fossum, Update on focal-plane image processing research, in CCDs and Optical Sensors II, Proc. SPIE vol. 1447, pp. 243-250 (1991).

 

E.R. Fossum, Future directions in focal-plane signal processing for space-borne scientific imagers, Proc. SPIE vol. 1541, pp. 62-67 (1991).

 

E.R. Fossum, III-V Charge-coupled devices, in Proc. of 1992 IEEE Workshop on Charge Coupled Devices, Waterloo, Ontario, June 1991.

 

E.R. Fossum, On-chip focal-plane image processing,  in Proc. of 1991 Symposium on Advanced Image-Acquisition Technology (SAIT91),pp. 48-56, T. Ando, ed., Tokyo, Japan, November 1991.

 

T.J. Cunningham and E.R. Fossum, Gallium Arsenide-Based Readout Electronics, Proc. NASA/JPL Workshop on Innovative LWIR Detectors, Pasadena, CA, April 1992.

 

T.J. Cunningham and E.R. Fossum, Noise and current-voltage characterization of CHFET structures below 8K, in Infrared Readout Electronics, Proc. SPIE vol. 1684, pp. 84-92, (1992).

 

B.R. Hanzal, A. Peczalski, J.C. Schwanabeck, R. Sanderson, and E.R. Fossum, Real-time processor for staring receivers, in Infrared Readout Electronics, Proc. SPIE vol. 1684, pp. 257-266, (1992).

 

E.R. Fossum, ed., Infrared Readout Electronics, Proceedings of the SPIE, volume 1684 (1992).

 

E.R. Fossum, Smart Focal-Plane Technology for MicroInstruments and MicroRovers (extended abstract) in Proc. 1992 NASA/OAST Workshop on Microtechnologies and Applications to Space Systems, Pasadena, CA , May 1992.

 

E.R. Fossum, CCD with backside illumination and charge steering, NASA Tech Briefs vol. 16(9) p. 30 (1992).

 

E.R. Fossum, A.G. Larsson, and J. Maserjian, Optical link for readout from focal-plane array, NASA Tech Briefs,  vol. 16(10), pp. 30-31 (1992).

 

E.R. Fossum, Delta-doped buried channels in charge-coupled device, in NASA Tech Briefs (1992).

 

S.E. Kemeny, T.J. Shaw, R.H. Nixon, T. Daud, and E.R. Fossum, Concurrent processor ASIC for high speed path planning, Proc. GOMAC '92, Las Vegas, NV, November 1992.

 

E.R. Fossum, Study on High Speed Imaging Technology for the Microgravity Containerless Processing Facility, JPL Internal Report, September 1992.

 

T.N. Krabach, C. Staller, S. Dejewski, T. Cunningham, M. Herring and E.R. Fossum, InGaAs detectors for miniature infrared instruments, in Infrared and Millimeter Wave Engineering, Proc. SPIE vol. 1874, pp. 214-223 (1993).

 

E.R. Fossum, Active Pixel Sensors -- Are CCDs Dinosaurs?, in CCD's and Optical Sensors III, Proc. SPIE vol. 1900, pp. 2-14, (1993).

 

S. Mendis, B. Pain, R. Nixon, and E.R. Fossum, Design of a low-light-level image sensor with an on-chip sigma-delta analog-to-digital conversion, in CCD's and Optical Sensors III, Proc. SPIE vol. 1900, pp. 31-39 (1993).

 

T.J. Cunningham, R. Gee, E.R. Fossum and S. Baier, Noise and electrical characteristics below 10 K of small CHFET circuits and discrete devices, in Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1946, pp. 384-394 (1993).

 

D.T.H. Liu, S. Forouhar, A.R. Johnston, J. Maserjian and E.R. Fossum, Optical links for cryogenic focal-plane array readout, in Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1946, pp. 375-383 (1993).

 

A.R. Johnston, D.T.H. Liu,  S. Forouhar, G.F. Lutes, J. Maserjian, and E.R. Fossum, Optical Links for Cryogenic focal-plane arrays, JPL Report No. D-10676 (April, 1993).

 

B. Pain, S.K. Mendis, R.C. Schober, R.H. Nixon, and E.R. Fossum, Low-power analog circuits for on-focal-plane processing of infrared sensors, in Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1946, pp. 365-374 (1993).

 

T.J. Cunningham, M.A. Mazed, M. Holzmann, E.R. Fossum, W.R. Cook, A.C. Cummings, and R.A. Mewaldt, Cosmic ray detector with interdigitated-finger pixels for two-dimensional position information from a single wafer side, in Astroparticle Physics and Novel Gamma Ray Telescopes, Proc. SPIE, vol. 1948, pp. 15-23 (1993).

 

S. Mendis, B. Pain, R.H. Nixon, and E.R. Fossum, Low light level active pixel sensor with on-chip signal processing, in Surveillance Technologies and Imaging Components, Proc. SPIE vol. 1952, pp. 23-33 (1993).

 

E.R. Fossum, R.K. Bartman, and A. Eisenman, Application of the active pixel sensor concept to guidance and navigation, in Space Guidance, Control, and Tracking, Proc. SPIE vol. 1949, pp. 256-265 (1993).

 

E.R. Fossum, IR readout electronics capture focal-plane-array signals, Laser Focus World, , pp. 22-23 (April 1993).

 

T.J. Cunningham, R.C. Gee, E.R. Fossum and S.M. Baier, Noise and electrical characterization of complementary heterojunction field-effect transistors (CHFET), in Proc. 183rd Meeting of The Electrochemical Society vol. 93-22, Symposium on Low Temperature Electronics and High Temperature Superconductivity, pp. 249-260, Honolulu Hawaii, May 16-21 (1993).

 

E.R. Fossum, Active pixel sensors challenge CCDs, Laser Focus World, vol. 29(6), pp. 83-87, June 1993.

 

E.R. Fossum, Active pixel sensors vs. CCDs, Proc. 1993 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Waterloo, Canada  June 9-12,1993.

 

S.Mendis, R. Nixon, B. Pain, and E.R. Fossum, On-Chip A/D Conversion for Image Sensors, Proc. 1993 IEEE Workshop on Charge-Coupled Devices and Advanced Image Sensors, Waterloo, Canada  June 9-12,1993.

 

E.R. Fossum and B. Pain, Infrared readout electronics for space science sensors: state of the art and future directions,  in Infrared Technology XIX, Proc. SPIE vol. 2020 pp. 262-285 (1993).

 

E.R. Fossum, et al., Detectors and front end electronics for remote sensing, in Proc. JPL Workshop on Technologies and Techniques for Small Affordable Scientific Instruments, Pasadena, CA,  March 8-9 1993.

 

R.A. Mewaldt, W.R. Cook, A.C. Cummings, T.J. Cunningham, M. Mazed, and E.R. Fossum, An interdigitated pixel PIN detector for energetic particle spectroscopy in space, in Proc. NASA/JPL Small Instruments Workshop.

 

E.R. Fossum, B. Pain, S. Mendis, S. Kemeny, R. Nixon, and R. Schober, Smarter IR FPA readout electronics: Activities at JPL, in Proc. of DoD Smart IR FPA Workshop, U.S. Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate, Ft. Belvoir, VA, July 28 1993.

 

S. Mendis, S.E. Kemeny, R. Gee, B. Pain, and E.R. Fossum, Progress in CMOS active pixel image sensors, in Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid State Optical Sensors IV, Proc. SPIE vol. 2172, pp. 19-29 (1994).

 

J. Nakamura and E.R. Fossum, Design of an image sensor using a neuron MOSFET with image smoothing capability, in Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid State Optical Sensors IV, Proc. SPIE vol. 2172, pp. 30-37 (1994).

 

E.R. Fossum, Assessment of image sensor technology for future NASA missions, in Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid State Optical Sensors IV, Proc. SPIE vol. 2172, pp. 38-53 (1994).

 

B. Pain and E.R. Fossum, Approaches and analysis for on-focal-plane analog-to-digital conversion, in Infrared Readout Electronics II, Proc. SPIE vol. 2226, pp. 208-218 (1994).

 

T.J. Cunningham and E.R. Fossum, Cryogenic GaAs JFETs, in Infrared Readout Electronics II, Proc. SPIE vol. 2226, pp. 14-20 (1994).

 

E.R. Fossum, Infrared Readout Electronics II, editor, Proc. SPIE vol. 2226 (1994).

 

R. Goldstein, A. Dalton, E. Fossum, and T. Kenny, A fully integrated micromagnetometer/micro-spacecraft, IAA Conference on Low Cost Planetary Missions, Laurel, MD, April 12-15 1994

 

B. Pain, R.C. Schober and E.R. Fossum, A self-cascoding CMOS circuit for low-power applications, Unpublished circa 1994.

 

E.R. Fossum, Ultra low power imaging systems using CMOS image sensor technology, in Advanced Microdevices and Space Science Sensors, Proc. SPIE vol. 2267, pp. 107-111 (1994).

 

W.R. Cook, A.C. Cummings, R.A. Mewaldt, D.L. Williams, T.J. Cunningham, M. Mazed, and E.R. Fossum, Two-dimensional interdigitated pixel detectors for energetic particle spectrometers,  in Advanced Microdevices and Space Science Sensors, Proc. SPIE vol. 2267, pp. 12-22  (1994).

 

R. Gee, S. Kemeny, Q. Kim, S. Mendis, J. Nakamura, R. Nixon, M. Ortiz, B. Pain, C. Staller, Z. Zhou, and E.R. Fossum, Development of CMOS active pixel image sensors for low lost commercial applications, in Proc. of NASA Technology 2004, Washington DC, November 1994.

 

E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel sensors, Proc. 1994 International CMOS Camera Workshop, Holmdel NJ, October 17-18, 1994.

 

J. Nakamura, S. Kemeny and E.R. Fossum, Simple floating gate CMOS APS, Proc. 1994 International CMOS Camera Workshop, Holmdel NJ, October 17-18, 1994.

 

S. Kemeny, B. Pain, E. Fossum, L. Matthies, and R. Panicacci, Multiresolution image sensor using switched capacitor circuits, Proc. 1994 International CMOS Camera Workshop, Holmdel NJ, October 17-18, 1994.

 

R. Panicacci, E.R. Fossum, S.E. Kemeny, P.D. Jones, High speed binary CMOS image sensor, Proc. 1994 International CMOS Camera Workshop, Holmdel NJ, October 17-18, 1994.

 

E-S. Eid, A.G. Dickinson, D.A. Inglis, B.D. Ackland, and E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel image sensors for low cost applications, in Proc. First International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, Cairo, Egypt, Dec. 19-22, 1994.

 

E-S. Eid, A.G. Dickinson, D.A. Inglis, B.D. Ackland, E.R. Fossum, A 256x256 CMOS active pixel image sensor, in Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid-State Optical Sensors V, Proc. SPIE vol. 2415, pp. 265-275 (1995).

 

R.H. Nixon, S.E. Kemeny, C.O. Staller, and E.R. Fossum, 128x128 CMOS photodiode-type active pixel sensor with on-chip timing, control and signal chain electronics, in Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid-State Optical Sensors V, Proc. SPIE vol. 2415, pp. 117-123 (1995).

 

R. Goldstein, E. Fossum, L. Miller, B. Pain, J. Randolph, and P. Turner, A fully integrated micromagnetometer/microspacecraft, Chapman Conference on Measurement Techniques for Space Plasmas, April 3-7, 1995 Santa Fe, New Mexico.

 

A.  Dickinson, B. Ackland, El-Sayed Eid, D. Inglis and E.R. Fossum, Standard CMOS Active Pixel Image Sensors for Multimedia Applications, Proc. 16th Conference on Advanced Research in VLSI, pp. 214-224 UNC-Chapel Hill, March 26-29, 1995.

 

E.R. Fossum, Overview of CMOS Image Sensor Technology, Proc. of Optoelectronics Industry Development Association (OIDA) Technology Workshop on Optoelectronic Sensors, Albuquerque New Mexico, March 7-8, 1995.

 

P.P.K. Lee, R.C. Gee, R.M. Guidash, T-H. Lee, and E.R. Fossum, An Active Pixel Sensor Fabricated Using CMOS/CCD Process Technology, in Program of 1995 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Dana Point, CA, April 20-22 1995.

 

Z. Zhou, S.E. Kemeny, B. Pain, R.C. Gee, and E.R. Fossum, A CMOS Active Pixel Sensor with Amplification and Reduced Fixed Pattern Noise, in Program of 1995 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Dana Point, CA, April 20-22 1995.

 

S. E. Kemeny, B. Pain, R. Panicacci, L. Matthies, and E.R. Fossum, CMOS Active Pixel Sensor Array with Programmable Multiresolution Readout, in Program of 1995 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Dana Point, CA, April 20-22 1995.

 

A.Dickinson, S. Mendis, D. Inglis, K. Azadet, and E.R. Fossum, CMOS Digital Camera with Parallel Analog to Digital Conversion Architecture, in Program of 1995 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Dana Point, CA, April 20-22 1995.

 

R. Panicacci, S. E. Kemeny, P.D. Jones, C. Staller, and E.R. Fossum, High Speed CMOS Binary Active Pixel Image Sensor, in Program of 1995 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Dana Point, CA, April 20-22 1995.

 

E. R. Fossum and Philip H-S. Wong, Future Prospects for CMOS Active Pixel Image Sensors, in Program of 1995 IEEE Workshop on CCDs and Advanced Image Sensors, Dana Point, CA, April 20-22 1995.

 

E.R.Fossum, T.J. Cunningham, T.N. Krabach, and C.O. Staller, Monolithic Active Pixel Infrared Sensors, NASA Tech Briefs, pg. 24a, vol. 19(6), 1995.

 

T.J. Cunningham, M. Mazed, M. Holtzman and E.R. Fossum, Cosmic ray detectors with interdigitated electrodes, NASA Tech Briefs, pp. 32-37, vol. 19(7), 1995.

 

E.R. Fossum, S. Mendis, B. Pain, and R. Nixon, Active-pixel image sensor with analog-to-digital converters, NASA Tech Briefs, pp. 37-38, vol. 19(7), 1995.

 

E.R.Fossum, Low power camera on a chip using CMOS active pixel sensor technology, Proc. NASA Technology 2005 Conference, Chicago, IL Oct. 23-24, 1995.

 

G.A. Soli, H.B. Garrett, E.R. Fossum, CMOS charged particle spectrometers, Proc. IEEE 1995 Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, pp. 229-233 October 25, 1995.

 

E.R. Fossum and S. Kemeny, Camera on a Chip, The World and I, pp. 178-185, January 1996.

 

E.R. Fossum, Novel Sensor Enables Low-Power Miniaturized Imagers,  Photonics Spectra, pp. 125-126, January 1996.

 

R. Panicacci, B. Pain, Z. Zhou, J. Nakamura and E. R. Fossum, Progress in voltage and current mode on-chip analog-to-digital converters, in Solid State Sensor Arrays and CCD Cameras, Proc. SPIE vol. 2654, pp. 63-71, San Jose, CA February 1996.

 

R. Panicacci, S. Kemeny, B. Pain, and E. R. Fossum, Programmable multiresolution CMOS active pixel sensor, in Solid State Sensor Arrays and CCD Cameras, Proc. SPIE vol. 2654, pp. 72-81, San Jose, CA February 1996.

 

O. Yadid-Pecht, C. Clark, B. Pain, C. Staller, and E.R. Fossum, Wide dynamic range APS star tracker,   in Solid State Sensor Arrays and CCD Cameras, Proc. SPIE vol. 2654, pp. 82-92, San Jose, CA February 1996.

 

B.Pain and E.R. Fossum, Design and operation of self-biased high-gain amplifier arrays for photon-counting sensors, in Infrared Readout Electronics III, Proc. SPIE vol. 2745, pp. 69-77 Orlando, FL April 1996.

 

Z. Zhou, B. Pain, R. Panicacci, B. Mansoorian, J. Nakamura, and E.R. Fossum, On-focal-plane ADC: Recent progress in on-focal plane ADCs, in Infrared Readout Electronics III, Proc. SPIE vol. 2745, pp. 111-122 Orlando, FL April 1996.

 

Yu Wang and E.R. Fossum, Microlens and Micro-Wedge Optical Concentrator Technology for Solid-State Image Sensor, JPL Internal Report, 1996(?).

 

E.R. Fossum, editor, Infrared Readout Electronics III, Proc. SPIE vol. 2745  (1996).

 

N. Doudoumopoulos, L. Purcell, and E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel image sensor technology for high performance machine vision applications, Proc. Society of Manufacturing Engineers Conference on Applied Machine Vision - Emerging Smart Vision Sensors, Cincinnatti, OH June 1996.

 

P.M. Salomon, E.R. Fossum, C. Clark, and E. Dennison, Active pixel sensors for autonomous spacecraft applications  in Space Guidance Control and Tracking III, Proc. SPIE vol. 2810 p 166-175 (1996).

 

C.C. Clark, E.W. Dennison, P.M. Salomon, O. Yadid-Pecht, E.R. Fossum, Application of active pixel sensors to star and feature tracking, in Sciencecraft and Instrumentation in the New Millennium, Proc. SPIE vol. 2810A p. 116-120 (1996).

 

Z. Zhou, B. Pain, J. Woo, and E.R. Fossum, A Digital CMOS active pixel image sensor for multimedia applications, in Detectors, Focal Plane Arrays and Applications, Proc. SPIE vol. 2894 p. 282-288 (1996).

 

S.E. Kemeny, E.R. Fossum, B. Pain, J. Nakamura, and L. Matthies, Active pixel sensors with programmable resolution, NASA Tech Briefs, vol. 20(5), pp. 26-28, May 1996.

 

E.R. Fossum, J. Nakamura, and S.E. Kemeny, CMOS active pixel image sensor with simple floating gates NASA Tech Briefs, vol. 20(5), pp. 28-30, May 1996.

 

R. Nixon, E. Fossum and S. Kemeny, Active pixel image sensor integrated with readout circuitry,  NASA Tech. Briefs, vol. 20(10), pp. 38-40, October 1996.

 

E.R. Fossum, R. Gee, P. Lee, T. Lee, CMOS active pixel image sensor containing pinned photodiodes, NASA Tech. Briefs, vol. 20(10), pp. 40-42, October 1996.

 

T. Hamamoto, Y. Egi, M. Hatori, K. Aizawa, T. Okubo, H. Maruyama, and E.R. Fossum, Computational image sensors for on-sensor-compression, Proc. 5th International Conf. On Microelectronics for Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems (MicroNeuro’96) IEEE Comp. Soc. Press, pp. 297-304 (1996).

 

E.R. Fossum, B. Pain, R. Stirbl, B. Olson, and G. Yang, Highly integrated, high performance imaging detector systems using CMOS active pixel sensor technology, Proc. 15th Digital Avionics Systems Conference, Atlanta, GA November 1996.

 

O. Yadid-Pecht and E.R. Fossum, Readout schemes to increase dynamic range of image sensors, NASA Tech. Briefs, vol. 21(1), pp. 32-33, January 1997.

 

B.Tsurutani, K. Leschly, S. Nikzad, E.R. Fossum, G. Murphy, T. Killeen, B. Kennedy, A Title, D. Chenette, G. Musmann, F. Gliem, S. Moses, I. Mann, and A. Tuzzolino, An integrated space physics instrument (ISPI) for solar probe, Proc. of Space Technology and Application International Forum, U. New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, January 1997.

 

O. Yadid-Pecht, B. Mansoorian, E.R. Fossum, and B. Pain, Optimization of noise and responsivity in CMOS active pixel sensors for detection of ultra low light levels, Solid-State Sensor Arrays: Development and Applications, Proc. SPIE vol. 3019, 125-136, 1997.

 

Q. Kim, T.J. Cunningham, E.R. Fossum, Monolithic InGaAs JFET active pixel tunable image sensor (MAPTIS) , Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits,  Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. (USA) , vol.3006 , Page: 176-185, 12-14  , San Jose, CA, USA Feb. 1997

 

E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel sensor (APS) technology for multimedia image capture, (invited) in Proc. 1997 Multimedia Technology and Applications Conference (MTAC97), Univ. Of California, Irvine, CA, March 23-25, 1997.

 

B.Mansoorian and E.R. Fossum, Low power highly miniaturized image sensor technology, in Terrorism and Counterterrorism Methods and Technologies, Proc. SPIE vol. 2933, pp. 2-8, November 1997.

 

E.R. Fossum, Chap. 5.2  CMOS image sensor technology, in Multimedia for Applications, pp. 168-189, B. Sheu, Ed., IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ (1998).

 

E.R. Fossum, Optical Imaging Devices, 1999 McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, pp. 272-275.

 

E.R. Fossum, The Digital Camera-on-a-Chip Gets Active, Advanced Imaging Magazine, pp. 13-14, November 1997.

 

J. Nakamura, B. Pain, T. Nomoto, T. Nakamura, and E.R. Fossum, On-focal plane signal processing for current mode active pixel image sensors, in Tech. Rep. Of the IEICE (Institute of Electronics, Information and Communications Engineers), EDI97-49, pp. 13-18, (1997-10)  in Japanese.

 

E. R. Fossum, CMOS digital cameras need new figures of merit,  Laser Focus World, pp. 101-106, April 1999.

 

C. Clark, R. Tsai, E. Fossum, J. Deilly, and R. Spagnuolo, A 512x512 active pixel sensor for star tracker applications, Proc. 22nd Americal Astronautical Society Guidance and Control Conference, Breckinridge CO, USA (1999).

 

G. Zhou, X. An, F. Mok, J. Mumbru, D. Psaltis, S. Ay, and E. Fossum, Optically programmable gate array, in Proc. High Performance Embedded Computing Workshop (HPEC99), MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, MA, September 22-24, 1999.

 

R. Panicacci, K-B. Cho, G. Waligorski, and E.R. Fossum, Active pixel sensor architecture and design for multimedia imaging applications, in Proc. 1999 International Workshop on Digital and Computational Video, pp. ???-??? Tampa  FL, December 1999.

 

Y. Wang and E. R. Fossum, CMOS Detectors, Photonics Spectra, pp. 114-115, January 2000.

 

J. Mumbru, G. Panotopoulos, D. Psaltis, X. An, F. Mok, S. Ay, S. Barna, E. Fossum, Optically programmable gate array, in Optics in Computing,  Proc. SPIE , vol. 4089, p. 763-771, May 2000.

 

E. Fossum and A. Krymski, High speed CMOS imaging, in 2000 IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting , Aventura, FL, USA , 19000724-19000728 LEOS Summer Topical Meeting 2000. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA. p 3-4 , 2000

 

E.-S. Eid., R.H. Tsai,  E.R. Fossum, R. Spagnuolo, J. Deily, H. Anthony, Radiation-induced dark signal in 0.5-micron CMOS APS image sensors, in Photonics for Space Environments VII Proc. vol.4134 , p. 115-23, 31 July-1 Aug. 2000 , San Diego, CA, USA

 

E.R. Fossum and A. Krymski, 2 K multiplied by 2 K high speed CMOS active pixel sensors for Y2K , Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000) , San Francisco, CA, USA Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO - Technical Digest 2000. p 352 , 2000

 

E.R. Fossum, CMOS image sensors come of age, SPIE OE Magazine, vol. 1, no. 1, Jan. 2001.

 

E-S. Eid, R. Spagnuolo, J. Deily, T.Y. Chan, E.R. Fossum, and R.H. Tsai, Design of radiation tolerant active pixels in 0.35 micron CMOS standard process , Guidance and Control 2001; Proceedings of the Annual AAS Rocky Mountain Conference, Breckenridge, CO, Jan. 31 - Feb. 4, 2001 (A02-10751 01-12), p. 477-486. 2001

 

Photobit Engineering Staff, CMOS image sensors: Active pixels make the difference, in 2001 The Photonics Design and Applications Handbook, pg H-142, 2001.

 

E.-S. Eid, T.Y. Chan,  E.R. Fossum, R.H. Tsai, R. Spagnuolo, J. Deily, Design of radiation hard CMOS APS image sensors in 0.35 um CMOS standard process in Sensors and Camera Systems for Scientific, Industrial, and Digital Photography Applications II , San Jose, CA, Proc. SPIE vol. 4306 p 50-59 , 2001

 

E.R. Fossum, CMOS image sensors combat noise, EE Times, pg 54,60 Issue no. 1213, April 8 2002.

 

S.U. Ay, M. Lesser, and E.R. Fossum, CMOS active pixel sensor (APS) imager for scientific applications, in Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation, Proc. SPIE vol. 4836, p. 271-278, 2002.

 

E.R. Fossum, Gigapixel digital film sensor, (invited) in ­Nanospace Manipulation of Photons and Electrons for Nanovision Systems, The 7th Takayanagi Kenjiro Memorial Symposium and the 2nd International Symposium on Nanovision Science, University of Shizuoka, Hamamatsu, Japan, October 25-26, 2005.

 

R. Gutierrez, T.Tang, R. Calvet and E.R. Fossum, MEMS Digital Camera, in Digital Photography III, San Jose, CA, USA, Proceedings of the SPIE vol. 6502, paper 16.   January 28-29, 2007.

 

E.R. Fossum, The Quanta Image Sensor (QIS): Concepts and Challenges (invited) in Proc. 2011 Opt. Soc. Am. Topical Meeting on Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging, Toronto, Canada July 10-14, 2011.

 

D. Hondongwa, J. Ma, S. Masoodian, Y. Song, K. Odame and E.R. Fossum, Quanta Image Sensor (QIS): Early Research Progress (invited) in Proc. 2013 Opt. Soc. Am. Topical Meeting on Imaging Systems, Arlington, VA USA June 24-27, 2013.